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Black Belt Terminology - 2nd Degree


Pattern:- Eui Am  (45 movements). 


Eui Am is the pseudonym of Son Byong Hi, leader of the Sam-Il movement on 1st March 1919. The 45 movements refer to his age when he changed the name of Dong Hak (Oriental Culture) to Chondo Kyo (Heavenly Way) religion in 1905. The pattern diagram represents his indomitable spirit displayed whilst devoting his life to the prosperity of his nation.


Belt:- Black


Black belt is the opposite of white, indicating the wearer's proficiency and maturity in Taekwon-do. It also represents the wearer's imperviousness to darkness and fear. 


Origins of Eui Am


•Born 1861

•1884 – founded the Dong Hak religion

•Made straw sandals and recited “Incantation of Twenty-One Letter” 30k times a day

•Gabo Dong Hak revolution

•1897 – Ordained 3rd great Dong Hak leader

•1905 – changed to “Kyondo Kyo” in attempt tto appease

•Sam Il Movement – arrested, released due to illness. Died 1922


Pattern:- Choong Jang  (52 movements). 


Choong Jang is the pseudonym given to General Kim Duk Ryang who lived during the Yi Dynasty (14th Century). The pattern diagram ends in a left handed attack to symbolise the tragedy of his death aged 27 in prison.

Origins of Choong Jang


•Born 1567

•Promoted to General in 1592 – Commander of Homan in 1594

•Nicknamed “Tiger Wing” because of his bravery. Earned during a raid

•1595 – Arrested after falsified charges of killing a slave girl

•Later implicated in rebellion of Lee Mong Hak

•1595 – Sentenced to death – later exhonerated


Pattern:- Juche  (45 movements). 


•Juche is the philosophical idea that man is the master of everything and therefore decides and determines his destiny. It is said that this idea was rooted on the Paektu Mountain. The diagram represents this mountain.

Origins of Juche

•1950’s ideology

•DPRK adopted it in 1972

•“Self-reliance” – “master of own self, own world and own destiny”

•Establishing Juche means, in a nutshell, being the master of revolution and reconstruction in one’s own country”

•1970’s – changed to; Leader is the brain of the people, and the Korean Worker’s Party the nervous system to the body of the people

•Used as Dates – e.g Juche 1 – year Kim Il-Sung born

Theory and Terminology





Sasun sogi

Sonkal najunde anuro makgi

Kyocha joomuk naeryo makgi

Sonkal kaunde hechyo makgi

Sonkal dung dolimyo makgi

Euhkallin sonbadak naeryo makgi

Sonkal dung najunde anuro makgi

An palmok yop ap makgi

Sonkal najunde bakuro makgi

An palmok narani makgi

Bakat palmok narani makgi

Kaunde golcho chagi

Sonkal dung najunde ap makgi

Bakat palmok naeryo makgi

Sang sonbadak chookyo makgi

Kaunde bandae dollyo chagi

Ap joomuk nopunde bandal jirugi

Ap joomuk dollyo jirugi

Doo songarak nopunde tulgi

Sondung naeryo taerigi

Sang sonkal soopyong taerigi

Bandal son taerigi

Sang inji joomuk nopunde bandal jirugi

Pyon joomuk nopunde jirugi

Bakuro ghutgi

Sonkal twio dolmyo taerigi

Gokaeng-I changi

Sun palkup naeryo tulgi

Bandal son nopunde bandal taerigi

Sang sonkal nopunde anuro taerigi

Ap joomuk naeryo jirugi

Bandae dollyo pihamyo chagi

Twimyo sangbang chagi

Kaunde dwitcha jirugi

Dung joomuk soopyong taerigi

Anuro ghutgi

Twimyo yonsok jirugi

Sonkal ap naeryo taerigi

Ibo omgyo didmyo duruogi

Dwiro omgyo didigo mulmyo dolgi

Dwiro ibo ongyo didimyo mikulgi


Diagonal stance

Knife hand low inward block

X-fist downward block

Knife hand middle wedging block

Reverse knife hand circular block

Alternate palm downward block

Reverse knife hand low inward block

Inner forearm side-front block

Knife hand low outward block

Inner forearm parallel block 

Outer forearm parallel block

Middle hooking kick 

Reverse knife hand low front block

Outer forearm downward block

Twin palm rising block 

Middle reverse turning kick

Forefist high crescent punch

Forefist turning punch

Double finger high thrust

Back hand downward strike

Twin knifehand horizontal strike

Arc-hand strike

Twin fore-knuckle high crescent punch

Open fist high punch

Outward cross-cut

Knife-hand mid-air strike

Pick-shape kick

Straight elbow downward thrust

Arc-hand high crescent strike

Twin knife-hand high inward strike

Forefist downward punch

Reverse turning dodging kick

Flying two direction kick

Middle back piercing kick

Backfist horizontal strike

Inward cross-cut

Flying consecutive punch

Knife-hand front downward strike

Backward double stepping

Backward step slide turning

Backward double step sliding

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