Black Belt Syllabus
Black Belt Terminology - 1st Degree
Pattern:- Kwang Gae (39 movements).
Kwang Gae is named after the 19th King of the Koguryo Dynasty, Kwang Gae Toh Wang, who regained all lost territories including the greater part of Manchuria. The diagram represents expansion. The 29 movements refer to the first two figures of 391AD, the year he came to the throne.
Black belt is the opposite of white, indicating the wearer's proficiency and maturity in Taekwon-do. It also represents the wearer's imperviousness to darkness and fear.
Origins of Kwang Gae
•Born 374AD and crowned 391AD, aged 17
•Died aged 39
•Expanded into Paekche and Manchuria, and Silla submitted as Protectorate. Also Maritime Russia and Mongolia
•Conquered 65 walled cities and 1,400 villages
Pattern:- Po Eun (36 movements).
Po Eun is the pseudonym of the loyal subject Chong Mong-Chu who was a famous poet, penning the words “I will not serve a second master though I might be crucified a hundred times”. The pattern diagram represents his unbending loyalty to the King.
Origins of Po Eun
•Born 1337 – Koryo dynasty
•Aged 23 passed civil service exams
•1367 – became a Neo-Confucianism instructor
•Diplomat to China and Japan
•1238 – Mongols dominated Korea for over a century
•1350 – Koryo regained independence through war
•Yi Sung Gae ordered to destroy Ming forces – rebelled and usurped
•Po Eun opposed Yi Sung Gae
•Yi threw a party for Po Eun, and was murdered with an iron hammer by the Sonjuk bridge
•Modern rule – you must dismount your horse when walking past Po Eun’s statue by the Sonjuk bridge
•Though I die and die again a hundred times,
•That my bones turn to dust, whether my soul remains or not,
•Ever loyal to my Lord, how can this red heart ever fade away?
Pattern:- Ge Baek (44 movements).
•Ge Baek is named after General Ge Baek, a great general in the Baek Je Dynasty (660AD). The pattern represents his severe and military discipline.
Origins of Ge Baek
•Paekche General in the mid-7th Century
•Organised 5,000 soldiers to face Silla/Tang forces commanded by Yoo Sin
•Killed his wife and family
•Won initial battles, then had to retreat to the capital Puyo
•Last battle on the Hwangsan Field
•“I would rather die than be a slave to the enemy”
•Fun fact – appears in Age of Empires 2
Theory and Terminology
•Palm Scooping Block – Sombadak Duro Makgi
•9 Shape Block – Gutja Makgi
•U-Shape Grasp – Digutja Japgi
•Twisting Kick – Bituro Chagi
•Horizontal Punch – Soopyong jirugi
•Twin Elbow Horizontal Thrust – Sang Palkup Soopyong Tulgi
•Middle Knuckle Fist Punch – Joongji Joomuk Jirugi
•Heavenly Hand – Hanulson
Consecutive Kick – Yongsok Chagi