Pattern:- Toi-Gye Tul (37 movements).
Toi-Gye is the pseudonym of the 16th century scholar Yi Hwang, who was an authority on neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements represent his birthplace on the 37th degree latitude and the diagram represents scholar.
Red belt signifies danger, cautioning the opponent to stay away and for the practioner to exercise caution. It also shows an increasing knowledge and ability in Tae Kwon-Do.
Origins of Toi-Gye
Yi-Hwang was born in On-gye-ri in North Kyongsang Province on November 25, 1501. At the age of six, he started to learn the Book of One Thousand Letters, and aged twelve he learned the Analects of Confucius from his uncle. Aged nineteen, he obtained the two-volume Songni Taejon, a great book on neo-Confucianism by Hu Guang, and experienced a process of great awakening.
He went to Seoul aged twenty three to study at the National Academy, and graduated with top honours aged thirty three, and began working for the government. His integrity made him relentless as he took part in purges of corrupt government officials.
In 1549, he retired back to his home and lived there until his death, justifying his chosen pen name (Toi-Gye means "retreating stream"). There he began to build the Tosan Sowon, a private Confucian academy, but unfortunately he died before its completion in 1574. However, the academy survived and is still in use to this day.
Theory and Terminology
Closed ready stance B MOA JUNBI SOGI B
Upset fingertip trust DWIJIBO SONKUT TULGI
Waist block HORI MAKGI
Backfist strike DUNG JOOMUK TAERIGI
X fist pressing block KYOCHA JOOMUK NOOLO MAKGI Twin vertical punch SANG SEWO JURIGI
W shaped block SANG MAKGI
Double forearm pushing block DOO PALMOK MIRO MAKGI
Knee kick MOORUP CHAGI
Flat fingertip thrust OPUN SONKUT TULGI